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World Cancer Day 2024: Breast Cancer Claims Lives of Millions, Ways to Prevent It

Every year, February 4th is observed as World Cancer Day, aiming to raise awareness about cancer. Breast cancer, a potentially deadly disease, predominantly affects women. Detecting it in its early stages can be life-saving. Explore the symptoms, risk factors, and prevention methods of breast cancer.

World Cancer Day 2024: Breast Cancer Claims Lives of Millions, Ways to Prevent It

Breast Cancer

Prevent Breast Cancer with These Methods:

  • Breast cancer predominantly affects women more than men.
  • Regularly examine your breasts to identify any abnormalities.
  • Engage in regular exercise, maintain a healthy diet, and undergo screening for prevention.

    World Cancer Day 2024 highlights the seriousness of breast cancer, which claims the lives of numerous women annually. According to the World Health Organization, in 2020, approximately 6.8 lakh women succumbed to breast cancer, making it one of the most common cancers globally. On this World Cancer Day, crucial information about this serious illness is shared to increase awareness and aid in prevention and treatment.

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer occurs due to abnormal changes and growth in the cells of the breast. While it predominantly affects women, it can also affect men. Changes usually begin in the cells of the milk ducts, and these abnormal cells may form a tumor. These cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body, making early detection crucial for effective treatment.

What are the Symptoms?

  • Feeling a lump or mass in the breast or surrounding areas.
  • Unusual changes in breast size.
  • Changes in nipples, such as inversion or discharge.
  • Texture changes in the skin around the nipple.
  • Visible dimpling or puckering on the breast’s surface.
  • Fluid or blood discharge from the breast.

    What are the Risk Factors?
  • Gender – Women are at a higher risk.
  • Age – The risk increases with age, particularly after 50.
  • Radiation Exposure – Previous chest radiation exposure raises the risk.
  • Genetics – Family history of breast cancer increases the risk.
  • Early Menstruation – Starting periods before 12 increases the risk.
  • Alcohol Consumption – Drinking alcohol is linked to an increased risk.
  • Obesity – Being overweight contributes to a higher risk.
  • Smoking – Smoking is associated with various cancers, including breast cancer.

Preventive Measures:

  • Regular Breast Self-Examination: Pay attention to changes and perform self-exams regularly.
  • Weight Maintenance: Sustain a healthy weight through balanced nutrition and regular physical activity.
  • Balanced Diet: Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, olive oil, plant-based proteins, fish, milk, and yogurt in your diet.
  • Avoid Sugary and Alcoholic Drinks: Limit the intake of sugary and alcoholic beverages.
  • Exercise Regularly: Engage in 30-35 minutes of regular exercise every day.
  • Regular Check-ups: Discuss risk factors with your doctor and undergo regular breast examinations.

Breast cancer is a serious health concern that demands attention and proactive measures. By staying informed, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and prioritizing regular check-ups, individuals can contribute to early detection and effective prevention of breast cancer.

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